“A country that in Holmes’s youth had been rural in tone now rushed to build new cities. Jefferson’s fears had come to pass. Men lived piled upon one another, struggling for survival under smoking factory chimneys of which Jefferson could not have dreamed. By 1883, the transition from a rural to an industrial economy was gathering momentum; in the 1900s the ills attending it would be acute.”
Yankee from Olympus. Catherine Drinker Bowen, p. 278.